macedonia

THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

BASIC COUNTRY DATA
Total Population: 2,060,563
Population 0-14 years: 18%
Rural population: 32%
Population living under USD 1.25 a day: 0.3%
Population living under the national poverty line: 19%
Income status: Upper middle income economy
Ranking: High human development (ranking 78)
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US dollar): 314
Life expectancy at birth (years): 74
Healthy life expectancy at birth (years): 63
BACKGROUND INFORMATION

[Kala-azar in†Macedonia†and Serbia; epidemiologic and geographic aspect].

Subject

Leishmaniasis Macedonia : 85 cases 1996 -2009, 50% form the central region, 85% males and 52% 20 - 40 years old, 7 cases per year during 2005 -2009 (true number could be 9-13 cases/year)

Year Visceral Leishmaniasis
1994 3
1995 4
1996 2
1997 4
1998 7
1999 6
2000 9
2001 5
2002 8
2003 7
2004 9
2005 7
2006 9
2007 7
2008 7
2009 7
2010 12
2011 2
2012 13
2013 19

Fever of unknown origin in 185 paediatric patients: a single-centre experience.

Pasic S1,†Minic A,†Djuric P,†Micic D,†Kuzmanovic M,†Sarjanovic L,†Markovic M.

Visceral leishmaniasis as a possible reason for pancytopenia

Leishmaniasis is caused by different species of the protozoa, Leishmania, and frequently found in South-Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Brazil, and Mediterranean countries. Leishmania are transmitted to humans by the bite of sandflies. After weeks to months, unspecific symptoms may occur, accompanied by more specific findings like pancytopenia and organomegaly.

Document: 

VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN CHILDREN HOSPITALIZED FOR HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY

ABSTRACT
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, is a vector borne disease caused by the
protozoan parasite, L. donovani. It is endemic in areas bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Untreated visceral
leishmaniasis has fatal course. Therefore, early diagnosis and specific therapy with pentavalent antimony
drugs are mandatory.
The aim of this study was to analyze patients hospitalized for investigation of hepatosplenomegaly that
turned out to be visceral leishmaniasis.

Document: 

CASE REPORT OF CANINE CO-INFECTION WITH LEISHMANIA INFANTUM AND EHRLICHIA CANIS

Leishmaniasis acquired by travellers to endemic regions in Europe - a EuroTravNet multi-centre study

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites which belong to the genus
Leishmania. Important clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis include cutaneous
leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Currently, leishmaniasis occurs in all
continents with the exception of Antarctica and is considered to be endemic in 88
countries. About 90% of cases with leishmaniasis occur in the tropics or subtropics but
the disease is also endemic in the Mediterranean area including countries like

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A Platform for experts to develop and test evidence based strategies for the treatment and control of Leishmaniasis.

 

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