Italy

VBORNET Newsletter 8, special issue ‘SAND FLIES’, July 2010

CONTENTS
1. Phlebotominae sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae): Main vectors in Europe and their distribution with special emphasis for Turkey
2. The leishmaniasis in southern Europe
3. Public health importance and control of sand flies in continental Europe
4. Sand fly species as new vector candidates for Leishmania transmission in Europe
5. Sandfly bites, saliva and gut secretions: Could it contribute to disease control?

Document: 

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

ABSTRACT
It has been nearly 10 years since the completion of the first entire genome sequence of a Leishmania parasite.Genomic and transcriptomic analyses have advanced our understanding of the biology of Leishmania, and shed new light on the complex interactions occurring within the parasite–host–vector triangle. Here, we review these advances and examine potential avenues for translation of these discoveries into treatment and control programs. In addition, we argue for a strong need to

Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern

Abstract. Phlebotomine sandflies transmit pathogens that affect humans and animals
worldwide. We review the roles of phlebotomines in the spreading of leishmaniases,
sandfly fever, summer meningitis, vesicular stomatitis, Chandipura virus encephalitis
and Carri´on’s disease. Among over 800 species of sandfly recorded, 98 are proven or
suspected vectors of human leishmaniases; these include 42 Phlebotomus species in
the Old World and 56 Lutzomyia species in the New World (all: Diptera: Psychodidae).

Document: 

Leishmaniasis acquired by travellers to endemic regions in Europe - a EuroTravNet multi-centre study

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites which belong to the genus
Leishmania. Important clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis include cutaneous
leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Currently, leishmaniasis occurs in all
continents with the exception of Antarctica and is considered to be endemic in 88
countries. About 90% of cases with leishmaniasis occur in the tropics or subtropics but
the disease is also endemic in the Mediterranean area including countries like

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