France

Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern

Abstract. Phlebotomine sandflies transmit pathogens that affect humans and animals
worldwide. We review the roles of phlebotomines in the spreading of leishmaniases,
sandfly fever, summer meningitis, vesicular stomatitis, Chandipura virus encephalitis
and Carri´on’s disease. Among over 800 species of sandfly recorded, 98 are proven or
suspected vectors of human leishmaniases; these include 42 Phlebotomus species in
the Old World and 56 Lutzomyia species in the New World (all: Diptera: Psychodidae).

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