epidemiology

VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN CHILDREN HOSPITALIZED FOR HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY

ABSTRACT
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, is a vector borne disease caused by the
protozoan parasite, L. donovani. It is endemic in areas bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Untreated visceral
leishmaniasis has fatal course. Therefore, early diagnosis and specific therapy with pentavalent antimony
drugs are mandatory.
The aim of this study was to analyze patients hospitalized for investigation of hepatosplenomegaly that
turned out to be visceral leishmaniasis.

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CASE REPORT OF CANINE CO-INFECTION WITH LEISHMANIA INFANTUM AND EHRLICHIA CANIS

Genetic diversity and structure in Leishmania infantum populations from southeastern Europe revealed by microsatellite analysis

Abstract
Background: The dynamic re-emergence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in south Europe and the northward shift to
Leishmania-free European countries are well-documented. However, the epidemiology of VL due to Leishmania
infantum in southeastern (SE) Europe and the Balkans is inadequately examined. Herein, we aim to re-evaluate and
compare the population structure of L. infantum in SE and southwestern (SW) Europe.
Methods: Leishmania strains collected from humans and canines in Turkey, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania and

Phlebotomine sandflies and the spreading of leishmaniases and other diseases of public health concern

Abstract. Phlebotomine sandflies transmit pathogens that affect humans and animals
worldwide. We review the roles of phlebotomines in the spreading of leishmaniases,
sandfly fever, summer meningitis, vesicular stomatitis, Chandipura virus encephalitis
and Carri´on’s disease. Among over 800 species of sandfly recorded, 98 are proven or
suspected vectors of human leishmaniases; these include 42 Phlebotomus species in
the Old World and 56 Lutzomyia species in the New World (all: Diptera: Psychodidae).

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CANINE LEISHMANIOSIS IN CROATIA – AN UPDATE

Živičnjak, T.,* Martinković, F.,* Pinter, Lj.,** Ivšić Škoda, D.,***
* University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases with Clinic; Heinzelova 55; 10000 Zagreb, Croatia; tatjanaz@vef.hr
** University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Infective Diseases With Clinic
*** University of Zagreb, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Internal Diseases Clinic

ABSTRACT

Leishmaniasis acquired by travellers to endemic regions in Europe - a EuroTravNet multi-centre study

Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by protozoan parasites which belong to the genus
Leishmania. Important clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis include cutaneous
leishmaniasis (CL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Currently, leishmaniasis occurs in all
continents with the exception of Antarctica and is considered to be endemic in 88
countries. About 90% of cases with leishmaniasis occur in the tropics or subtropics but
the disease is also endemic in the Mediterranean area including countries like

CANINE VECTOR-BORNE ZOONOSES IN VOJVODINA

Savić Sara1, Vidić Branka1, Grgić Živoslav1,
Jurišić Aleksandar2, Ćurčić Vladimir3,
Ruzić Maja4, Lolić Zoran5
1Scientific Veterinary Institute „Novi Sad“, Novi Sad, Serbia
2Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad, Serbia
3„Bilja & Olja“, Private Veterinary Clinic, Novi Sad, Serbia
4Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
5„Leo“, Private Veterinary Clinic, Novi Sad, Serbia
1 E- mail: sara@niv.ns.ac.rs

ABSTRACT

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