epidemiology

FIRST CASE OF VISCERAL LEISHMANIOSIS/HIV COINFECTION IN NIŠ – SOUTHEASTERN SERBIA

Abstract - Visceral leishmaniosis (VL) has emerged as an important opportunistic parasitosis associated with human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) infection. The aim of this paper is to report the first case of Leishmania/HIV coinfection in
a patient from Niš (Southeastern Serbia). Microscopical examination of Giemsa-stained bone marrow (BM) smears show
the presence of Leishmania spp. amastigotes based on their morphological characteristics. In spite of the parasitological

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

ABSTRACT
It has been nearly 10 years since the completion of the first entire genome sequence of a Leishmania parasite.Genomic and transcriptomic analyses have advanced our understanding of the biology of Leishmania, and shed new light on the complex interactions occurring within the parasite–host–vector triangle. Here, we review these advances and examine potential avenues for translation of these discoveries into treatment and control programs. In addition, we argue for a strong need to

THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

BASIC COUNTRY DATA
Total Population: 2,060,563
Population 0-14 years: 18%
Rural population: 32%
Population living under USD 1.25 a day: 0.3%
Population living under the national poverty line: 19%
Income status: Upper middle income economy
Ranking: High human development (ranking 78)
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US dollar): 314
Life expectancy at birth (years): 74
Healthy life expectancy at birth (years): 63
BACKGROUND INFORMATION

[Kala-azar in†Macedonia†and Serbia; epidemiologic and geographic aspect].

Subject

Leishmaniasis Macedonia : 85 cases 1996 -2009, 50% form the central region, 85% males and 52% 20 - 40 years old, 7 cases per year during 2005 -2009 (true number could be 9-13 cases/year)

Year Visceral Leishmaniasis
1994 3
1995 4
1996 2
1997 4
1998 7
1999 6
2000 9
2001 5
2002 8
2003 7
2004 9
2005 7
2006 9
2007 7
2008 7
2009 7
2010 12
2011 2
2012 13
2013 19

Seroprevalence of dogs to Leishmania infantum antigens in the territory of Crna Gora

Pavićević Zorica, Laušević Dejan, Pejović Nikola

Fever of unknown origin in 185 paediatric patients: a single-centre experience.

Pasic S1,†Minic A,†Djuric P,†Micic D,†Kuzmanovic M,†Sarjanovic L,†Markovic M.

Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro†(Yugoslavia).

The species and ecology of sandflies present in the coastal district of Bar, which lies in†Montenegro, an endemic focus of visceral†leishmaniasis†(VL), were investigated in 1996-1999. A mean of 10 cases of VL and a greater number of viral infections (some of which are attributed to pathogens transmitted by sandflies) are diagnosed each year in this district. Phlebotomus papatasi, P. perfiliewi, P. tobbi, P. neglectus and Sergentomyia minuta were collected, P. perfiliewi being recorded for the first time in†Montenegro.

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