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Seroprevalence of dogs to Leishmania infantum antigens in the territory of Crna Gora

Pavićević Zorica, Laušević Dejan, Pejović Nikola

Fever of unknown origin in 185 paediatric patients: a single-centre experience.

Pasic S1,†Minic A,†Djuric P,†Micic D,†Kuzmanovic M,†Sarjanovic L,†Markovic M.

Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro†(Yugoslavia).

The species and ecology of sandflies present in the coastal district of Bar, which lies in†Montenegro, an endemic focus of visceral†leishmaniasis†(VL), were investigated in 1996-1999. A mean of 10 cases of VL and a greater number of viral infections (some of which are attributed to pathogens transmitted by sandflies) are diagnosed each year in this district. Phlebotomus papatasi, P. perfiliewi, P. tobbi, P. neglectus and Sergentomyia minuta were collected, P. perfiliewi being recorded for the first time in†Montenegro.

Hematologic characteristics of leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis†is a chronic infectious disease from the group of anthropozoonoses. It is caused by protozoa in the genus leishmania flagellate. There are five major foci of this disease in the world: India, Mediterranean countries, East Africa, South China and South America. Endemic regions in the Balkans are as follows:†Montenegro, Macedonia, Herzegovina and the Morava's valley (1,2). Reservoirs of infection are infected humans and animals (dogs and rodents). Infection is transmitted by insects the most significant representative of which is a sandfly.

Visceral leishmaniasis as a possible reason for pancytopenia

Leishmaniasis is caused by different species of the protozoa, Leishmania, and frequently found in South-Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Brazil, and Mediterranean countries. Leishmania are transmitted to humans by the bite of sandflies. After weeks to months, unspecific symptoms may occur, accompanied by more specific findings like pancytopenia and organomegaly.

Document: 

VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS IN CHILDREN HOSPITALIZED FOR HEPATOSPLENOMEGALY

ABSTRACT
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis, also known as kala-azar, is a vector borne disease caused by the
protozoan parasite, L. donovani. It is endemic in areas bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Untreated visceral
leishmaniasis has fatal course. Therefore, early diagnosis and specific therapy with pentavalent antimony
drugs are mandatory.
The aim of this study was to analyze patients hospitalized for investigation of hepatosplenomegaly that
turned out to be visceral leishmaniasis.

Document: 

CASE REPORT OF CANINE CO-INFECTION WITH LEISHMANIA INFANTUM AND EHRLICHIA CANIS

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