VBORNET Newsletter 8, special issue ‘SAND FLIES’, July 2010

1. Phlebotominae sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae): Main vectors in Europe and their distribution with special emphasis for Turkey
2. The leishmaniasis in southern Europe
3. Public health importance and control of sand flies in continental Europe
4. Sand fly species as new vector candidates for Leishmania transmission in Europe
5. Sandfly bites, saliva and gut secretions: Could it contribute to disease control?


Natural transmission of Leishmania infantum through experimentally infected Phlebotomus perniciosus highlights the virulence of Leishmania parasites circulating in the human visceral leishmaniasis outbreak in Madrid, Spain.

Inés Martín-Martín1, Maribel Jiménez1*, Estela González1, César Eguiluz2 and Ricardo Molina1*

* Corresponding authors: Maribel Jiménez mjimenez@isciii.es - Ricardo Molina rmolina@isciii.es

Author Affiliations

Unidad de Entomología Médica, Servicio de Parasitología, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Ctra. Majadahonda-Pozuelo s/n, Majadahonda, Madrid, 28220, Spain

WP8 Epidemiology and Preparedness to Cross-Border Emerging Zoonoses in the Mediterranean Countries and Balkans

Rengina Vorou (WP8 Leader), Kassiani Mellou, and Kassiani Gkolfinopoulou
On behalf of the WP8 steering team:
R. S.Y. Al-Haddadin, S. Abdullah Saleh (Jordan), O. Kalakouta, A. Hadjilouka (Cyprus), S. AbouElazm, E.A.E.H. Ali
(Egypt), Y. Al Amour, M. Karim (Syria), E. Kakarriqi, S. Bino (Albania), N. Ramadani, A. Kalaveshi (Kosovo UNSCR
1244), Z. Karadzovski, Z. Milenkovik (Fyrom - Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), M. Bejaoui (Tunisia), G.
Dougas (Greece).

Emerging vector-borne diseases–incidence through vectors

Vector-borne diseases use to be a major public health concern only in tropical and sub-tropical areas,but today they are an emerging threat for the continental and developed countries also.Nowadays,in intercontinental countries ,there is a struggle with emerging diseases,which have found their way to appear through vectors.Vector-borne zoonotic diseases occur when vectors,animal hosts,climate conditions,pathogens,and suscepti-ble human population exist at the same time,at the same place.Global climate change is predicted to lead to an increase in vector-borne infectious diseases and dise



Abstract - Visceral leishmaniosis (VL) has emerged as an important opportunistic parasitosis associated with human immunodeficiency
virus (HIV) infection. The aim of this paper is to report the first case of Leishmania/HIV coinfection in
a patient from Niš (Southeastern Serbia). Microscopical examination of Giemsa-stained bone marrow (BM) smears show
the presence of Leishmania spp. amastigotes based on their morphological characteristics. In spite of the parasitological

The past, present, and future of Leishmania genomics and transcriptomics

It has been nearly 10 years since the completion of the first entire genome sequence of a Leishmania parasite.Genomic and transcriptomic analyses have advanced our understanding of the biology of Leishmania, and shed new light on the complex interactions occurring within the parasite–host–vector triangle. Here, we review these advances and examine potential avenues for translation of these discoveries into treatment and control programs. In addition, we argue for a strong need to


Total Population: 2,060,563
Population 0-14 years: 18%
Rural population: 32%
Population living under USD 1.25 a day: 0.3%
Population living under the national poverty line: 19%
Income status: Upper middle income economy
Ranking: High human development (ranking 78)
Per capita total expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US dollar): 314
Life expectancy at birth (years): 74
Healthy life expectancy at birth (years): 63


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