Presence of Leishmania and Brucella Species in the Golden Jackal Canis aureus in Serbia

ABSTRACT

The golden jackal Canis aureus occurs in south-eastern Europe, Asia, the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Africa. In Serbia, jackals
neared extinction; however, during the last 30 years, the species started to spread quickly and to increase in number. Few studies in
the past have revealed their potential role as carriers of zoonotic diseases. Animal samples were collected over a three-year period
(01/2010–02/2013) from12 sites all over Serbia. Of the tissue samples collected, spleen was chosen as the tissue to proceed; all samples
were tested for Leishmania species and Brucella species by real-time PCR. Of the 216 samples collected, 15 (6.9%) were positive for
Leishmania species, while four (1.9%) were positive for B. canis.The potential epidemiologic role of the golden jackal in carrying
and dispersing zoonotic diseases in Serbia should be taken under consideration when applying surveillance monitoring schemes.

AUTHORS et al.

Duško SiroviT,1 Dimosthenis Chochlakis,2 SneDana TomanoviT,3 Ratko Sukara,3
Aleksandra PeneziT,1 Yannis Tselentis,2,4 and Anna Psaroulaki4
1 Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Studentski Trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
2 Regional Laboratory of Public Health of Crete, Heraklion, 71110 Crete, Greece
3 Laboratory for Medical Entomology, Department for Parasitology, Center of Excellence for Toxoplasmosis and
Medical Entomology, Institute for Medical Research, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
4 Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, Medical School,
University of Crete, P.O. BOX 1393, Heraklion, 71110 Crete, Greece
Correspondence should be addressed to Anna Psaroulaki; annapsa@med.uoc.gr
Received 20 February 2014; Accepted 9 May 2014; Published 22 May 2014
Academic Editor: Philippe Holzmuller
Copyright © 2014 Duˇsko ´ Cirovi´c et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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