CANINE VECTOR-BORNE ZOONOSES IN VOJVODINA

Savić Sara1, Vidić Branka1, Grgić Živoslav1,
Jurišić Aleksandar2, Ćurčić Vladimir3,
Ruzić Maja4, Lolić Zoran5
1Scientific Veterinary Institute „Novi Sad“, Novi Sad, Serbia
2Faculty of Agriculture, Novi Sad, Serbia
3„Bilja & Olja“, Private Veterinary Clinic, Novi Sad, Serbia
4Faculty of Medicine, Clinic for Infectious Diseases, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
5„Leo“, Private Veterinary Clinic, Novi Sad, Serbia
1 E- mail: sara@niv.ns.ac.rs

ABSTRACT

Research on vectors and zoonoses in Serbia has been going on for more
than a decade now. Due to the climate changes during the last years, the
presence of vectors has changed and also the presence of zoonotic agents
inside them has changed, too. Vectors that can be found are ticks, mosquitoes,
flies, etc. Ticks that can be found in Vojvodina are Ixodes ricinus,
Dermacentor marginatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus bursa,
Haemaphysalis punctata. The most common diseases known as tick borne
in Vojvodina are piroplasmosis, Q fever and Lyme disease. The study done
recently has shown that the presence of ticks can be found throughout the
whole year in Northern part of Serbia (Vojvodina province). During the
last five years different surveys have shown that ticks in Serbia are infected
with B. burgdorferi s.l. at a rate of 25-30%, depending on the region. Also, a
number of clinical cases of Lyme disease has been registered in humans and
dogs. The percentage of ticks infected with B. burgdorferi s.l. in the province
of Vojvodina ranges from 25-28%. An analysis of ticks in selected urban
regions performed during a three-year period revealed an infection rate of
25%. During the three-year study period, a total of 1224 ticks were collected
from different locations in Vojvodina. The dominant species was Ixodes
ricinus, accounting for 62% of all collected ticks. Mosquitoes are another
vectors that can be found in Vojvodina very often during the warm period
of the year (June-October). Diseases that they can carried are blue tongue
disease, equine infectious anemia, dirofilariosis in humans and dogs, etc.
Diagnostic of dirofilariosis in Serbia begun some 4 years ago when Dirofilaria
were found (Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens) in dogs and later
on in humans. First cases of dirofilariosis were found in dogs during the
autopsy as a side finding. The presence of Phlebotominae has been detected
in southern Serbia long time ago and they are known as vectors for leishmaniosis.
Their presence has still not been detected in Vojvodina. Three years
ago ago several dogs were found with clinical signs (epistaxys, cachexia,
pale mucosa, skin leisures, blindness, lethargy) and seropositive finding for
leishmaniosis in the central part of Serbia and Vojvodina. At first, all of
the dogs were infected abroad, but since 2010, few dogs have been found
that have never left their homes. During the period 2008-2010 in Scientific
Veterinary Institute „Novi Sad“ 23 dogs vere examined for the presence of
antibodies against leishmania by ELISA serological method.

Key words: vector borne zoonozes, lyme borreliosis, dirofilariasis, leishmaniasis

Arhiv veterinarske medicine, vol. 5, br. 1, 77-87, 2012.
Savić S. i dr.: Vektorske zoonoze pasa ...
79

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